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Better riding key to eventing accident prevention

The FEI says after 2004, the rate of eventing falls began to decrease and is now flattening out.

The FEI says after 2004, the rate of eventing falls began to decrease and is now flattening out. © Mike Bain

Eventing safety officers from 22 countries pooled their ideas and experiences at the FEI’s sixth annual Risk Management Seminar, hosted by the Italian Equestrian Federation in Rome on January 26 and 27.

Over the two days, the National Safety Officers (NSOs) were shown a DVD highlighting good and bad techniques in cross-country riding. The DVD, which has been two years in the planning, has been painstakingly put together by Great Britain’s NSO Jonathan Clissold, who was a course-builder at the London 2012 Olympic Games, and international coach Nick Turner. It will undergo some fine-tuning and will be used as a guide for officials across the world later this year.

“We need to share a vision of the pictures we want of our sport,” said Guiseppe della Chiesa, chairman of the FEI Eventing Committee. “We need to remind riders and trainers of the direction the sport should be going in, but we also need to have something that shows what we mean by this.

“Of course riders should wear crash helmets and back-protectors to minimise risk of injury, but it is much better to learn to ride the horse in such a way that the risk of accidents can be minimised. This DVD will explain what are both acceptable and unacceptable styles of riding and control of the horse.”

Mauro Checcoli on the way to winning individual eventing gold at the 1964 Olympic Games.

Mauro Checcoli on the way to winning individual eventing gold at the 1964 Olympic Games.

His words were echoed by Italian hero and 1964 Olympic champion Mauro Checcoli. Checcoli, who spoke at the seminar, said: “There are two types of safety: passive safety (related to cross-country design) and active safety (the quality of horse and rider training), which is the most important.

“I am a pure example of the Caprilli school of equitation, which was based on teaching the horse to be technically correct over a jump and solve the problems. The aim is for the rider to be completely still and to be able to rely on the horse because they will have trained properly together. Horses do not want to fall and have a strong sense of self-preservation.”

FEI Medical Committee chairman Peter Whitehead spoke about the need for awareness among Officials and riders of the potential dangers of concussion.

“Sports concussions are most common in young people, which is why it is an important issue,” he said. “Three concussions can result in five times greater a risk of mild cognitive impairment, three times greater a risk of memory problems and three times greater a risk of depression.”

Dr Whitehead’s committee will be providing advice to officials and event organisers. “The medical officer’s job has been made much easier by the FEI’s one fall equals elimination rule,” he said. “I once saw a rider come off and, in the initial assessment, there were no signs of concussion yet 10 minutes later she was not making any sense. It’s not unusual to see a rider get straight up and run after their horse and seem perfectly all right.

“The important issue is to promote officials’ awareness of potential concussion because, obviously, the event medical officer will not be in a position to see all falls. If someone is concussed – or is suspected of being concussed – they should be removed from the competition and they should not drive home. It is important that all National Federations are talking the same language on this.”

Other issues discussed by NSOs included national qualifying procedures, air-vests, medical cards, frangible devices and the rise in arena eventing competitions. Philine Ganders (GER) provided food for thought with her presentation on the cross-country style competitions run by the German Equestrian Federation – last year some 4000 riders participated in 223 competitions. Style competitions were part of the cross country training that would generally improve riding and, ultimately, safer riding.

Swedish delegate Lars Christensson commented: “We saw the good results from these competitions and our Swedish riders who had seen them in Germany thought this was a good way forward for risk management and for learning to ride correctly. So far, our experience is that the classes are excellent. The judges’ role is important, however, and they need to understand what they’re looking for.”

Annual statistics are showing that the ratio of falls to starters has steadily decreased since records began in 2004; in 2012, an average of 5.6% of the 14,950 cross-country starters had falls. Horse falls have decreased to 1.85% (from 2.02% of falls in 2004) and rotational falls from 0.51% to 0.27%.

“The gathering of statistics is improving all the time, and that gives us more strength,” Guiseppe della Chiesa said. “After 2004, the rate in falls began to decrease and this is now flattening out, which tells us that we must continue to be vigilant.”

Delegates, especially those from the smaller eventing nations, reiterated the value of this annual exchange of ideas. Roger Haller (USA), a technical delegate and course-designer, who was attending the seminar for the first time, said: “I see a real evolution in the sport here and I’m impressed with the way the statistics have come on.”

Fellow technical delegate Mike Tucker (GBR), who has been closely involved with risk management in the sport for more than 12 years, agreed: “It’s been a tough road, but what I see today is fantastic. There is so much here for our wonderful sport in the future, so keep it up. Everyone has worked very hard.”

Nations represented at the 2013 Risk Management Seminar in Rome were: Australia, Austria, Brazil, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Great Britain, Germany, Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and USA.

 

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